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Man must rise above the Earth, to the top of the atmosphere and beyond, for only then will he fully understand the world in which he lives.
Socrates, 469 - 399 BC

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LUPUS

The Wolf

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Centaurus and Lupus - Uranometria by Johann Bayer - 1603

Lupus, the wolf, is often referred to as "The Victim", the hapless animal traditionally shown on its back, being skewered by Chiron, the Centaur, in the constellation Centaurus, with which it is invariably connected. To the ancient Greeks, it was known as "Therium", to the Romans, "Bestia", both terms simply meaning the beast. It was ultimately identified as a wolf by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy.

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Lupus - June 1, 10:00 PM - Latitude 25° North, Longitude 95° West





Stars of Lupus

Alpha Lupi (RA: 14h41m55.724s DE:-4723'17.88")

There are no named stars in Lupus. The brightest star is Alpha Lupi, with a magnitude of 2.30. It is a very hot B2IV blue subgiant with a surface temperature of 21,600 degrees K. It is far away at a distance of 550 light years.

Beta Lupi (RA: 14h58m31.875s DE:-4308'02.88")

The second brightest star is Beta Lupi, just as it should be, with a magnitude of 2.68. Like Alpha Lupi, it is a very hot blue star, another B2IV blue subgiant, with a surface temperature of 22,659 degrees K, at a distance of 465 light years.

Planets of Lupus

There are only three stars in Lupus with confirmed planetary systems, and they are all far away and beyond visual range, and the planets discovered so far are all gas giants. For more information on these and other extrasolar planets, visit NASA's New Worlds Atlas, and The Open Exoplanets Catalogue.


Deep Skies of Lupus

Supernova Remnant 1006 (RA: 15h02m 8s DE:-4157'0")

Lupus is home to several deep sky wonders. The most famous of these is SN 1006, the brightest supernova ever seen. It occurred on May 1, 1006, and was seen all over the world, from China to Europe. With the sole exception of the Moon, it was brighter than anything else in the sky, including the brilliant planet Venus. It was visible during the day for several weeks, and visible to the naked eye for more than two years before finally fading away. A thousand years later, we are left with a spectacular expanding cloud of gas, known as a supernova remnant.

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SN 1006 - Supernova Remnant - Chandra X-ray Observatory - July, 2008

In 2006, on the 1000 year anniversary of the supernova explosion of 1006, the Hubble Space Telescope captured a segment of the nebula's outside shell in unprecedented detail.

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SN 1006 -Supernova Remnant - Hubble Space Telescope - July, 2008

NGC 5882 (RA: 15h16m 48.0s DE:-4539'00")

The Hubble Space Telescope also captured a stunning view of the plantary nebula NGC 5882. Although it appears as a planetary disk through the lens of a small telescope, Hubble reveals the nebula's true nature as an expanding cloud of gas given off by the death throes of a star similar to our Sun. The nebula is 60 light years across, and about 7,000 light years away, with a magnitude of 10.5.

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NGC 5882 - Planetary Nebula - Hubble Space Telescope - April, 2011

IC 4406 - The Retina Nebula (RA: 14h22m 24.0s DE:-4409'00")

Lupus also contains another planetary nebula, IC 4406, commonly known as The Retina Nebula. It is about 1,900 light years away, with a magnitude of 11.0.

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IC 4406 - The Retina Nebula - Hubble Space Telescope - June, 2002

NGC 5986 (RA: 15h46m06.0s DE:-3747'00")

Lupus also contains the globular cluster, NGC 5986. At magnitude 7.6 it is a good target for a small telescope.

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NGC 5986 - Globular Star Cluster - STScI Digitized Sky Survey







Winter: Orion   Canis Major   Canis Minor   Monoceros   Lepus   Eridanus   Taurus   Auriga   Camelopardalis   Lynx   Gemini   Cancer  
Spring: Hydra   Sextans   Crater   Corvus   Leo   Leo Minor   Ursa Major   Ursa Minor   Canes Venatici   Coma Berenices   Virgo   Bootes  
Summer: Draco   Corona Borealis   Hercules   Ophiuchus   Serpens   Libra   Scorpius   Sagittarius   Scutum   Aquila   Sagitta   Vulpecula   Lyra   Cygnus  
Autumn: Andromeda   Perseus   Pegasus   Cassiopeia   Cepheus   Cetus   Lacerta   Delphinus   Equuleus   Capricornus   Aquarius   Pisces   Aries   Triangulum  
Southern Skies: Centaurus   Crux   Lupus   Corona Australis   Piscis Australis   Sculptor   Tucana   Fornax   Dorado   Columba   Puppis   Carina   Vela  

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